Building a Culture of Continuous Improvement with Legal AI Technology

Legal AI Technology

A great deal has been written about the importance of organizational cultures to both the bottom and the top line. It is received wisdom that those with strong cultures often outperform those with weak or even toxic cultures. As they say, “culture eats strategy for breakfast”.

Richard Tromans, the founder of Artificial Lawyer has recently written extensively on this subject, more specifically about legal technology implementations and their mixed success, under the title of “culture eats legal tech for breakfast” (part 1 and part 2). 

His view is that technology implementations will not bring the ROI expected if the culture of the legal department isn’t bold and strategic. He posits that there is change happening, some of it rapid, a lot glacial, which should lead to a more positive approach and the creation of the right culture to deliver successful legal technology implementations, such as:

  • Legal operations’ growing influence and role
  • Emergent business models in the legal industry
  • Significant investment in legal AI companies
  • C-level executives are becoming more aware that legal is not just a support function but can play a strategic role in the organization. 

A culture of continuous improvement: A foundation for high-performing organizations

Strong cultures, regardless of industry or vertical, tend to share some common attributes such as:  

  • Shared values and well-understood goals
  • Well defined sense of purpose
  • Fairness, equality, and diversity
  • Decentralized leadership and autonomy
  • A sense of teaming rather than individuality
  • Continuous improvement baked in at a process level 

This list is by no means comprehensive, but many of these factors are found in high-performing organizations.

As we look further into the last of these – continuous improvement, we need to ask how a company can instill a culture that supports this and specifically how it relates to the legal department. Continuous improvement is built upon the belief that complacency is the enemy of progress and that resistance to change sets back all efforts to move forward.

Again, much has been written on continuous improvement and there are several models which can be used to define, implement, and measure it. Kaizen, Six Sigma, and other methodologies have proven particularly useful for manufacturing and process-oriented businesses, but have also been valuable in other fields, such as the construction and oil and gas industries. One model, developed by KaiNexus outlines 6 core guiding principles. We will examine these and see how they can be applied within the legal function and how contract review AI tools such as BlackBoiler can support this culture of continuous improvement. 

1. Improvements are based on small changes rather than major paradigm shifts or new innovations.

The legal function is known for being late to the technology party and digital transformation. However, we have seen in the last few years a real shift in thinking about technology implementation. The resistance to change among lawyers is waning. But many are reluctant to embrace the change and need to be guided along the legal technology journey to improve efficiency and efficacy. Trying a big-bang approach such as implementing a company-wide contract lifecycle management (CLM) system will often not be embraced fully by all stakeholders. A good way to start this approach to continuous improvement is to tackle change incrementally. In the case of legal technology, this could well mean implementing a very targeted set of capabilities aimed at improving one aspect rather than trying to bite off the elephant. For our clients, it is to focus on one of the more costly and time-consuming aspects of the contract lifecycle, that of contract review and negotiation. Using AI to automate as much of this step as possible proves to be a worthwhile incremental improvement to the legal function.

2. Ideas from employees are valuable

If continuous improvement is to become embedded in the culture of the organization, then it requires buy-in and focus across all departments and functions. Within the legal department, it means allowing the voices of all to be heard and perspectives considered. We have already noted the growth of legal ops in forward-thinking legal departments, and indeed many legal ops professionals are ex-lawyers or as a minimum hold some legal training or law degrees. A willingness to listen to these professionals by the senior legal leadership (GC, AGC, CLO, etc.) must become embedded in the culture of continuous improvement. Most of the role of legal ops today is founded on technology implementation and innovation. Listening to them, especially when it comes to advanced technology such as AI, is a necessity if this concept of continuous improvement is to flourish.

3. Incremental improvements are typically inexpensive to implement

Clearly, incremental improvements are going to be significantly less expensive than a big bang approach, and as we have argued elsewhere, more likely to lead to a quicker ROI. Within the last five years or so, technology has accelerated massively, and the costs are surprisingly affordable. In most cases, contract automation software is a SaaS offering that is priced based on usage, allowing users to scale up, scale down, scale-out, or even scale off of the service. Technologies like BlackBoiler are at the cutting edge of contract AI deployment and are capable of processing vast quantities of data, locating patterns, and identifying deviations from corporate standards, such as playbooks and clause libraries. As computing power becomes ever cheaper the cost of implementation is reducing correspondingly. It is more cost-effective to scale technology than scale humans, and we are increasingly seeing a mixed team of legal professionals and AI, with the latter doing most of the grunt work, letting the former focus on the higher-value activities.

4. Employees take ownership and are involved in improvement 

Employees must be involved not only in coming up with ideas for continuous improvement (as outlined in #2 above) but also in their implementation and ultimately accountable for the result. To drive such a culture, employees need to be able to see how their efforts contribute to the overall goals of the organization, and they must buy into the aspirational nature of their work.

We have seen end-users of our contract promote AI internally and cheer-lead the incremental improvements they are seeing with BlackBoiler. The more accurate the AI is, the more employees trust it. This is a virtuous circle, the more the AI learns about the contract negotiation process, the better it becomes at automating the redlining of the contract and thereby making the negotiation process quicker and more accurate. With the establishment of a recognized function (legal ops) within the legal department, ownership of specific improvement cycles can easily be assigned and those employees in legal ops given ownership and accountability.

5. Improvement is reflective

In keeping with the analogy of the first meal of the day, Ken Blanchard, a leadership guru, once said, “Feedback is the breakfast of champions.” Feedback is the fuel that should start the day and set us up for quality performance. And so, it is with continuous improvement. A function or department needs to know whether its actions are having an impact. One of the hallmarks of continuous improvement is incremental change (#3 above), but sometimes it can be difficult to get quality feedback if the pace of change is incremental. This is quite hard for humans. However, it is not hard for machine learning applications. The concept of continuous learning is inherent in the way AI works. It is constantly looking to see how accurate it is when it comes to course corrections and does it with lightning speed. In BlackBoiler’s case, the AI and machine learning technology continuously improves after every use, becoming more in line with the playbooks – taking feedback and continually improving to become more accurate.

6. Improvement is measurable

Perhaps the single most important guiding principle of continuous improvement is that of measurement. Management thinker and author Peter Drucker supposedly said, “If you don’t measure it, you can’t manage it.” It is debated whether he actually said that or had a more nuanced commentary on it, but it stands to reason that the more you measure something, the better you can make decisions to improve it. In essence, the more data you have, the better your insight. While the AI at the core of BlackBoiler is constantly improving accuracy in response to the data it receives, the human half of the team requires more explicit feedback that can be easily digested, and appropriate actions are taken. Dashboards that show how the system is performing are important to quickly identify any problems or concerns. These need to be intuitive and easy to use. Improvements must be measured to ensure they are indeed continuous, especially when they are incremental and may not be visible for a short time.

Summary and Call to Action

In 2019 the Futurist Jim Carroll coined the phrase “think big, start small and scale fast.” Legal departments need to think big. Legal technology offers a bright future. A certain degree of end-to-end digital transformation is within reach today for most legal processes. While legal departments have yet to wholeheartedly raze their current work practices to the ground and replace them with technology solutions alone, most in-house teams are implementing some form of advanced legal technology based on AI and looking to see what improvements they can garner. Many are starting small – applying point solutions to a specific difficult process (e.g., applying contract automation tools to the contract review process) and measuring improvements over time. Finally, those that are seeing these improvements are scaling fast. For example, contract review is not only the domain of the legal department. This covers the buy-side and sell-side who deal with contract negotiations every day (sales reps, buyers, procurement pros, etc.), scaling to bring them into this journey of continuous improvement is also extremely necessary, if the promise of legal AI is to be realized. So, if you are a legal ops professional and part of the corporate legal department what can you do to further this culture of continuous improvement? At BlackBoiler we believe you can be the catalyst. You can bring your innovative thinking and your knowledge of legal technology and AI to the table. But you need to be vocal! Expose the lawyers and the senior legal leaders to the promise of the new ways of working. Let them see what a legal function might look like if small, incremental, inexpensive steps are taken, a great deal can be achieved and lead to raising the importance of the department. Truly then, legal will be seen as a strategic lever for the business.

Share this article to:

Recent Articles

We use cookies to personalize content and to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Thank you for visiting

View more
Cookies settings
Privacy & Cookie policy
Privacy & Cookies policy
Cookie name Active

What information do we collect?

We collect information from you when you register on our site or place an order. When ordering or registering on our site, as appropriate, you may be asked to enter your: name, e-mail address or mailing address.

What do we use your information for?

Any of the information we collect from you may be used in one of the following ways: To personalize your experience (your information helps us to better respond to your individual needs) To improve our website (we continually strive to improve our website offerings based on the information and feedback we receive from you) To improve customer service (your information helps us to more effectively respond to your customer service requests and support needs) To process transactions Your information, whether public or private, will not be sold, exchanged, transferred, or given to any other company for any reason whatsoever, without your consent, other than for the express purpose of delivering the purchased product or service requested. To administer a contest, promotion, survey or other site feature To send periodic emails The email address you provide for order processing, will only be used to send you information and updates pertaining to your order.

How do we protect your information?

We implement a variety of security measures to maintain the safety of your personal information when you place an order or enter, submit, or access your personal information. We offer the use of a secure server. All supplied sensitive/credit information is transmitted via Secure Socket Layer (SSL) technology and then encrypted into our Payment gateway providers database only to be accessible by those authorized with special access rights to such systems, and are required to?keep the information confidential. After a transaction, your private information (credit cards, social security numbers, financials, etc.) will not be kept on file for more than 60 days.

Do we use cookies?

Yes (Cookies are small files that a site or its service provider transfers to your computers hard drive through your Web browser (if you allow) that enables the sites or service providers systems to recognize your browser and capture and remember certain information We use cookies to help us remember and process the items in your shopping cart, understand and save your preferences for future visits, keep track of advertisements and compile aggregate data about site traffic and site interaction so that we can offer better site experiences and tools in the future. We may contract with third-party service providers to assist us in better understanding our site visitors. These service providers are not permitted to use the information collected on our behalf except to help us conduct and improve our business. If you prefer, you can choose to have your computer warn you each time a cookie is being sent, or you can choose to turn off all cookies via your browser settings. Like most websites, if you turn your cookies off, some of our services may not function properly. However, you can still place orders by contacting customer service. Google Analytics We use Google Analytics on our sites for anonymous reporting of site usage and for advertising on the site. If you would like to opt-out of Google Analytics monitoring your behaviour on our sites please use this link (

Do we disclose any information to outside parties?

We do not sell, trade, or otherwise transfer to outside parties your personally identifiable information. This does not include trusted third parties who assist us in operating our website, conducting our business, or servicing you, so long as those parties agree to keep this information confidential. We may also release your information when we believe release is appropriate to comply with the law, enforce our site policies, or protect ours or others rights, property, or safety. However, non-personally identifiable visitor information may be provided to other parties for marketing, advertising, or other uses.


The minimum information we need to register you is your name, email address and a password. We will ask you more questions for different services, including sales promotions. Unless we say otherwise, you have to answer all the registration questions. We may also ask some other, voluntary questions during registration for certain services (for example, professional networks) so we can gain a clearer understanding of who you are. This also allows us to personalise services for you. To assist us in our marketing, in addition to the data that you provide to us if you register, we may also obtain data from trusted third parties to help us understand what you might be interested in. This ‘profiling’ information is produced from a variety of sources, including publicly available data (such as the electoral roll) or from sources such as surveys and polls where you have given your permission for your data to be shared. You can choose not to have such data shared with the Guardian from these sources by logging into your account and changing the settings in the privacy section. After you have registered, and with your permission, we may send you emails we think may interest you. Newsletters may be personalised based on what you have been reading on At any time you can decide not to receive these emails and will be able to ‘unsubscribe’. Logging in using social networking credentials If you log-in to our sites using a Facebook log-in, you are granting permission to Facebook to share your user details with us. This will include your name, email address, date of birth and location which will then be used to form a Guardian identity. You can also use your picture from Facebook as part of your profile. This will also allow us and Facebook to share your, networks, user ID and any other information you choose to share according to your Facebook account settings. If you remove the Guardian app from your Facebook settings, we will no longer have access to this information. If you log-in to our sites using a Google log-in, you grant permission to Google to share your user details with us. This will include your name, email address, date of birth, sex and location which we will then use to form a Guardian identity. You may use your picture from Google as part of your profile. This also allows us to share your networks, user ID and any other information you choose to share according to your Google account settings. If you remove the Guardian from your Google settings, we will no longer have access to this information. If you log-in to our sites using a twitter log-in, we receive your avatar (the small picture that appears next to your tweets) and twitter username.

Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act Compliance

We are in compliance with the requirements of COPPA (Childrens Online Privacy Protection Act), we do not collect any information from anyone under 13 years of age. Our website, products and services are all directed to people who are at least 13 years old or older.

Updating your personal information

We offer a ‘My details’ page (also known as Dashboard), where you can update your personal information at any time, and change your marketing preferences. You can get to this page from most pages on the site – simply click on the ‘My details’ link at the top of the screen when you are signed in.

Online Privacy Policy Only

This online privacy policy applies only to information collected through our website and not to information collected offline.

Your Consent

By using our site, you consent to our privacy policy.

Changes to our Privacy Policy

If we decide to change our privacy policy, we will post those changes on this page.
Save settings
Cookies settings

BLACKBOILER AI Contract Review Software